by Eddy M. Elmer

Permanent URL: http://www.eddyelmer.com/celebrities-mental-illness.htm

Last Updated: 18 March 2008
 

Mental illness is anything but uncommon. It is just as prevalent, and certainly no less serious or troubling than physical ailments. Just as the latter can lead to dramatic disruptions in one's social, occupational, or academic life, so can mental illness.

The US Surgeon General's report on mental illness concludes that at least 30% of Americans currently suffer from some form of mental disorder, including disorders in any of the following general categories: anxiety (most common), mood, eating, sexual, substance use, sleep, cognitive, psychotic, and schizophrenic. This figure is comparable in Canada and many countries around the world. The three most common specific disorders appear to be clinical depression, substance abuse, and social phobia (social anxiety disorder).

Unfortunately, most individuals suffering from these conditions do not seek help. Many believe their condition is not a "real illness", or that their doctors will not take such illness seriously. Others believe that treatment options do not exist, or that their healthcare plans will not cover treatment for mental conditions. Still many others are ashamed or embarrassed.

As part of my ongoing work on public perceptions of mental illness, I have started compiling my own list of well-known public figures who have chosen to openly state that they have experienced, or are reported to have experienced mental illness in some form. These are examples of individuals who have struggled with serious conditions and who, with hope, determination, and treatment have overcome them and gone on to become successful in their individual arenas.

It is hoped that other sufferers will realise not only that are they not alone with mental illness, but that they need not be ashamed and that relief is possible.

Sources for each listing, which may include personal statements, articles, or biographies, are referenced at the end of this page. As this is a "work-in-progress", please note that not all references are currently listed (though they can be provided upon request). If you have any other names you think I should add to this list, please let me know.

Note: I have received many messages from visitors complaining that I should not be including those with dyslexia in this list. Please understand that my use of the term "mental illness" is extremely broad. If someone has a condition that appears in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), then I include that person in the list. Although dyslexia and other learning disorders are not "emotional" disorders, they are still mental illnesses in that they affect cognitive functioning (a key component of mental life) and cause clinically significant distress in the lives of those who suffer from them.

Paula Abdul singer bulimia nervosa
John Quincy Adams former US president clinical depression
Alvin Ailey American dancer and choreographer bipolar disorder (aka "manic depression")
Lionel Aldridge former defensive end, Green Bay Packers schizophrenia (paranoid-type)
Buzz Aldrin astronaut, second man to walk on moon clinical depression
Harry Andersen actor, "Night Court" learning disability
Diane Arbus American photographer clinical depression
Syd Barrett musician, member Pink Floyd schizophrenia
Drew Barrymore actress, director clinical depression; alcoholism;
substance abuse
Kim Basinger actress, 9 1/2 Weeks, Batman, L.A. Confidential panic disorder
Justine Bateman actress, "Family Ties" eating disorders
Ned Beatty actor bipolar disorder
Ludwig van Beethoven German composer bipolar disorder
Alexander Graham Bell inventor dyslexia
Irving Berlin musician, White Christmas clinical depression
Leonard Bernstein American conductor; composer of musical comedies, West Side Story clinical depression
Steve Blass former baseball player, Pittsburgh Pirates social phobia
David Boies high-profile litigator: 2000 US presidential election, Microsoft antitrust, Napster copyright dyslexia
Charles "Buddy" Bolden "Father of American Jazz" schizophrenia
Robert Boorstin special assistant to former US president Bill Clinton bipolar disorder
Clara Bow American silent films actress of 1920's, Mantrap, It clinical depression
Richard Branson Entrepreneur, founder of Virgin Group empire dyslexia
Art Buchwald American humourist, writer bipolar disorder
Delta Burke actress, "Designing Women" clinical depression
Earl Campbell NFL running back panic disorder
Robert Campeau Canadian real estate magnate, American department store investor (Federated, Macy's, Bloomingdales) bipolar disorder
Jose Canseco Major League Baseball player clinical depression
Drew Carey comedian, actor clinical depression
Emily Carr Canadian landscape painter, member `Group of Seven' various speculations:
neurasthenia; hypochondriasis; clinical depression; conversion disorder; schizophrenia
Jim Carrey comedian, actor clinical depression
Karen Carpenter singer, 1970's & early 80's, The Carpenters anorexia nervosa
Dick Cavett television talk show host, ABC & PBS clinical depression
John Chambers CEO Cisco Systems dyslexia
Ray Charles musician, singer clinical depression
Lawton Chiles former Florida governor, Democrat clinical depression
Winston Churchill former British prime minister bipolar disorder; dyslexia
Eric Clapton musician, singer clinical depression
Dick Clark television host, "The American Bandstand", gameshows clinical depression
Kurt Cobain musician, member Nirvana clinical depression
Leonard Cohen Canadian poet/musician clinical depression
Natalie Cole singer, daughter of Nat "King" Cole clinical depression
Calvin Coolidge former US president clinical depression (speculated)
Francis Ford Coppola director, The Godfather, Apocalypse Now bipolar disorder
Patricia Cornwell mystery/thriller writer, Dr. Kay Scarpetta, Postmortem, Body of Evidence bipolar disorder;
anorexia nervosa;
anorexia bulimia
Shayne Corson Toronto Maples Leafs forward panic attacks
Hart Crane American poet, The Bridge clinical depression; alcoholism
Sheryl Crow singer, musician clinical depression
Tom Cruise actor, Top Gun, Rain Man, A Few Good Men dyslexia
John Daly professional golfer bipolar disorder; alcoholism;
gambling addiction
Rodney Dangerfield comedian, actor clinical depression
Charles Darwin naturalist, author of theory of human evolution, The Origin of Species severe panic disorder
Dorothy Day writer, social reformer, co-founder Catholic Worker Movement clinical depression
Sandra Dee actress, 1950's & 60's, Gidget, Tommy Tell Me True, A Summer Place anorexia nervosa
Paula Deen celebrity chef, Paula's Home Cooking (Food Network) agoraphobia
Princess Diana Princess of Wales bulimia nervosa
Charles Dickens British writer, The Pickwick Papers, David Copperfield clinical depression; bipolar disorder (suspected)
Walt Disney film producer, animator dyslexia
Benjamin Disraeli former British prime minister clinical depression
Scott Donie diver, Olympic silver medallist clinical depression
Gaetano Donizetti Italian opera composer, Lucia di Lammermoor bipolar disorder
Theodore Dreiser American writer, editor, Sister Carrie, An American Tragedy clinical depression
Richard Dreyfuss comedian, actor, Jaws, Down and Out in Beverly Hills clinical depression
Kitty Dukakis public speaker and activist, wife of Michael Dukakis: former Massachusetts governor and 1988 Democratic presidential candidate bipolar disorder;
alcoholism; substance abuse
Patty Duke actress, The Amityville Horror, Helen Keller in The Miracle Worker bipolar disorder
Thomas Eagleton initial running-mate for 1972 US Democratic presidential candidate George S. McGovern clinical depression
Thomas Alva Edison inventor of the lightbulb dyslexia
Albert Einstein physicist, developed special theory of relativity dyslexia (speculated)
George Eliot (Marian Evans) 19th century British realist novelist, Adam Bede, The Mill on the Floss, Silas Marner, Middlemarch clinical depression
Jack Farrell champion skeet shooter clinical depression
Charles Faust

football player, New York Giants pennant winner (1911)

schizophrenia
Jules Feiffer American cartoonist, playwright, script-writer, Carnal Knowledge clinical depression
Doug Ferrari stand-up comedian borderline personality disorder
Carrie Fisher actress, Princess Leia in Star Wars; writer bipolar disorder;
substance abuse
F. Scott Fitzgerald writer, The Great Gatsby clinical depression
Larry Flynt magazine publisher, Hustler bipolar disorder
Doug Flutie, Jr. son of Buffalo Bills quarterback autism
Jane Fonda actress, A Walk on the Wild Side, Klute, Coming Home; fitness instructor bulimia nervosa
Harrison Ford actor, Indiana Jones, Blade Runner, The Fugitive clinical depression
James Forrestal former undersecretary and secretary of US Navy; former US Secretary of Defence clinical depression
Vincent Foster deputy White House counsel under Clinton administration clinical depression (speculated)
Connie Francis singer, "Stupid Cupid", "Everybody's Somebody's Fool"; actress, Where the Boys Are, Looking for Love, When the Boys Meet the Girls clinical depression
Sigmund Freud physician, psychoanalyst clinical depression
Peter Gabriel musician, singer, member Genesis clinical depression
John Kenneth Galbraith economist clinical depression
Judy Garland actress, singer, "Dorothy" in The Wizard of Oz clinical depression;
substance abuse
James Garner actor, comedian, The Rockford Files, Maverick clinical depression
Paul Gascoigne footballer, Middlesbrough & England clinical depression
John Gibson leading classical pianist, Ireland bipolar disorder
Kendall Gill basketball player, New Jersey Nets clinical depression
Danny Glover comedian, actor, The Color Purple, Lethal Weapon, Lonesome Dove learning disability
Tracey Gold actress, "Growing Pains" anorexia nervosa;
attention deficit disorder
Whoopi Goldberg comedian, actress, Ghost, Sister Act dyslexia
Dwight Gooden baseball player, Cleveland Indians clinical depression
Tipper Gore former US Second Lady clinical depression
Cary Grant actor, The Awful Truth, Bringing up Baby, Arsenic and Old Lace clinical depression
Peter Greene guitarist, Fleetwood Mac schizophrenia
Shecky Greene lounge entertainer, stand-up comedian bipolar disorder, with severe panic attacks
Linda Hamilton actress, "Beauty and the Beast", Dante's Peak, Point Last Seen, Terminator, Terminator II bipolar disorder
Pete Harnisch baseball player, Cincinnati Reds clinical depression
Elizabeth Hartman actress, A Patch of Blue, You're a Big Boy Now, Walking Tall clinical depression (speculated)
Amy Heckerling writer, director, Fast Times at Ridgemont High, Clueless, Look Who's Talking eating disorders;
obsessive-compulsive disorder
Ernest Hemingway writer, For Whom the Bell Tolls, A Farewell to Arms clinical depression
Margaux Hemingway actress, 1970's supermodel dyslexia; alcoholism; clinical depression (speculated)
Audrey Hepburn actress, 1950's & 60's, Breakfast at Tiffany's, My Fair Lady clinical depression;
eating disorders
Hermann Hesse Swiss writer, Siddhartha, Steppenwolf clinical depression
William Hewlett co-founder, Hewlett-Packard dyslexia
Abbie Hoffman American political activist, "Yippie"--member Youth International Party bipolar disorder (speculated)
Sir Anthony Hopkins British actor, Nixon, The Silence of the Lambs clinical depression
Howard Hughes American aviator, film producer, manufacturer; founder Hughes Aircraft Corporation; 1935 broke airplane speed record; 1938 set record on flying around world clinical depression and psychosis (both speculated)
Jack Irons musician, drummer, member Pearl Jam bipolar disorder
Janet Jackson singer, dancer clinical depression
Richey James guitarist, lyricist, British band Manic Street Preachers clinical depression;
anorexia nervosa;
alcoholism
Billy Joel musician clinical depression
Sir Elton John musician, singer bulimia nervosa;
alcoholism;
substance abuse
Daniel Johns musician, lead singer Australian group Silverchairs clinical depression;
anxiety disorder;
eating disorder
Karen Kain ballet dancer, principal dancer Canadian National Ballet clinical depression
Patrick Kennedy Democratic representative, U.S. Congress, Rhode Island clinical depression
Jack Kerouac Beat Generation writer, On the Road, Desolation Angels clinical depression;
severe alcoholism;
substance abuse
Margot Kidder actress, "Lois Lane" in Superman bipolar disorder
Larry King talk show host, Larry King Live clinical depression
Joey Kramer drummer, Aerosmith clinical depression
Kris Kristopherson actor, Alice Doesn't Live Here Anymore, The Sailor Who Fell From Grace With the Sea clinical depression;
substance abuse
Julie Krone Hall of Fame horse jockey post-traumatic stress disorder; clinical depression
Pat Lafontaine former hockey player, New York Rangers clinical depression
Veronica Lake actress, 1940's-60's, I Married a Witch, The Blue Dahlia, The Glass Key schizophrenia; alcoholism
Jessica Lange actress, Tootsie, Frances, Music Box, Blue Sky clinical depression
Yves Saint Laurent fashion designer, succeeded Christian Dior clinical depression
Frances Lear editor, publisher; ex-wife of TV producer Norman Lear ("All in the Family", "The Jeffersons"); inspiration for lead character in his "Maude" bipolar disorder;
substance abuse
Vivien Leigh British actress, 1950's & 60's, Gone with the Wind, A Streetcar Named Desire bipolar disorder
Meriwether Lewis American explorer (Lewis and Clark Expedition) clinical depression
Bill Lichtenstein journalist; TV news producer, ABC's "20/20", "Nightline", "World News Tonight", "This Week With David Brinkley", NPR bipolar disorder
Abraham Lincoln former US president severe clinical depression
Joshua Logan American theatre/movie director, Mister Roberts, South Pacific, Picnic, Camelot; playwright bipolar disorder
Courtney Love musician clinical depression
Robert Lowell American confessional poet, Life Studies, The Dolphin bipolar disorder
John Madden football sportscaster specific phobia (flying)
Norman Mailer American writer, The Naked and the Dead, The Executioner's Song clinical depression
Howie Mandel comedian; actor, "St. Elsewhere" obsessive-compulsive disorder
Ann-Margret actress, singer, dancer clinical depression; alcoholism
Craig McCaw telecommunications entrepreneur dyslexia
Herb McCauley professional horse jockey bulimia nervosa
Robert McFarlane national security advisor to former US president Ronald Reagan clinical depression
Sarah McLachlan singer, musician clinical depression
Kristy McNichol actress, "Family", "Empty Nest" bipolar disorder
Edward McVaney president and CEO, JD Edwards dyslexia
Burgess Meredith actor, Winterset, Playboy of the Western World, Major Barbara; director, The Main in the Eiffel Tower bipolar disorder
Kate Millett American feminist leader, writer, Sexual Politics bipolar disorder
Spike Milligan British comedian, writer, Opportunity Knocks, Puckoon, Adolph Hitler: My Part in His Downfall bipolar disorder
Carmen Miranda actress, Streets in Paris, That Night in Rio, The Gang's All Here clinical depression
Marilyn Monroe actress clinical depression
J.P. Morgan American financier bipolar disorder
Alanis Morissette singer, musician clinical depression
(S.P.) Morrissey musician clinical depression
John Mulheren American financier bipolar disorder
Robert Munsch Canadian children's writer, Love You Forever, Paper Boy Princess bipolar disorder
David Murdock American financier, real estate developer, chairman Castle & Cooke, Dole Plantation in Hawaii dyslexia
John Forbes Nash mathematician, author of game theory of economics, winner of 1994 Nobel Prize in Economics schizophrenia (paranoid-type)
Isaac Newton English mathematician and scientist; formulated theory of gravitation bipolar disorder (suspected)
Vaslav Nijinsky Russian ballet dancer, principal dancer Ballets Russes, choreographer, The Rites of Spring schizophrenia
Barbara Niven actress, "Pensacola: Wings of Gold", The Rat Pack bulimia nervosa
Georgia O'Keeffe American modernist painter clinical depression
Eugene O'Neill American playwright, Long Day's Journey into Night, Ah, Wilderness clinical depression
Donny Osmond singer, musician clinical depression; social phobia
Marie Osmond singer, musician clinical depression, post-partum
Dolly Parton country singer, actress clinical depression
Jaco Pastorius musician, electric bass bipolar disorder; alcoholism; substance abuse
George S. Patton US general, WWII military leader clinical depression; dyslexia
Pierre Péladeau Canadian publisher; CEO Quebecor Inc, second-largest commercial publishing, printing, and pulp & paper conglomerate in North America bipolar disorder
Charley Pell former University of Florida (Gators!) football coach clinical depression
Walker Percy American writer, The Moviegoer, The Message in the Bottle; physician, pathologist clinical depression
Murray Pezim "The Pez," Canadian financier, mining promoter bipolar disorder
Pablo Picasso Spanish Cubist artist, Les Demoiselles d'Avignon, Guernica clinical depression
Jimmy Piersall former baseball player, Boston Red Sox; sportscaster bipolar disorder
Sylvia Plath American confessional poet, Colossus, Ariel; novelist, The Bell Jar clinical depression
Edgar Allan Poe American writer, "The Raven", "The Fall of the House of Usher" clinical depression (speculated); alcoholism
Jackson Pollock American Abstract- expressionist painter, drip painting technique clinical depression; substance abuse
Cole Porter American lyricist, composer of Broadway scores (Anything Goes, Can-Can), "Night and Day", "Begin the Beguine" clinical depression; alcoholism; paranoid delusions; obsessive-compulsive disorder (speculated)
Alma Powell wife of Colin Powell, retired general and current US Secretary of State clinical depression
Susan Powter motivational speaker clinical depression
Lewis Preston banker, former CEO J.P. Morgan, former president World Bank dyslexia
Charley Pride country music singer bipolar disorder; alcoholism
Adam Rickett British actor, "Coronation Street" bulimia nervosa
Joan Rivers comedian, actress clinical depression; bulimia nervosa
Nelson Rockefeller former US vice president dyslexia
Axl Rose singer, musician, member Guns n' Roses bipolar disorder
Roseanne comedian, actress dissociative identity disorder (aka "multiple personality disorder"); obsessive-compulsive disorder; clinical depression; agoraphobia
Mark Rothko artist, modern colour-block painting clinical depression
Winona Ryder actress, The Age of Innocence, Reality Bites, Little Women, The Crucible clinical depression; anxiety
Steve Sax former baseball player, Los Angeles Dodgers social phobia
Charles Schulz cartoonist, creator Peanuts clinical depression
Charles Schwab financier, founder Schwab discount brokerage dyslexia
Anne Sexton American poet, Live or Die, The Death Notebooks clinical depression
Ally Sheedy actress, Bad Boys, St. Elmo's Fire, The Breakfast Club bulimia nervosa; substance abuse
Brooke Shields model; actress, "Suddenly Susan" postpartum depression
Richard Simmons fitness and nutrition guru (Sweatin' to the Oldies video series), motivational speaker, writer, actor anorexia nervosa;
bulimia nervosa
Carly Simon singer social phobia
Neil Simon American playwright, The Odd Couple, Plaza Suite clinical depression
Paul Simon American musician and composer, partner with Art Garfunkel clinical depression
Joey Slinger Canadian journalist, humourist, The Globe and Mail, The Toronto Star clinical depression
Phil Spector American record producer. Crystals, Ben E. King, Righteous Brothers; songwriter; creator `wall of sound' clinical depression
Alonzo Spellman NFL football player bipolar disorder
Rick Springfield singer; 80's soap opera star: Dr. Noah Drake, "General Hospital"; actor, "High Tides" clinical depression
Rod Steiger actor, Al Capone, Dr. Zhivago, In the Heat of the Night, American Gothic clinical depression
Ben Stiller actor bipolar disorder
Sting (Gordon Sumner) musician, singer, member The Police clinical depression
Darryl Strawberry baseball player, New York Yankees clinical depression
Barbra Streisand singer social phobia
Howard Stern radio talk show host obsessive-compulsive disorder
William Styron American writer, Sophie's Choice clinical depression
Marc Summers television game show host, "Double Dare", "What Would You Do?" obsessive-compulsive disorder
Alfred Taubman real estate developer, auction house owner, art collector dyslexia
James Taylor musician, singer clinical depression; bipolar disorder
Tracy Thompson journalist, Washington Post clinical depression
Tiberius Emperor of Rome, A.D. 14-37 clinical depression (speculated)
Leo Tolstoy writer, War and Peace clinical depression; hypochondriasis; alcoholism; substance abuse
Spencer Tracy actor, Captains Courageous, Boys Town; starred opposite Katharine Hepburn in Woman of the Year, State of the Union clinical depression; alcoholism
Margaret Trudeau Kemper former wife of former Canadian prime minister, Pierre Trudeau bipolar disorder
Ted Turner founder of CNN, vice chairman of Time-Warner bipolar disorder
Hunter Tylo actress, soap "The Bold & the Beautiful" clinical depression
Dimitrius Underwood NFL defensive bipolar disorder
Jean-Claude Van Damme actor, martial artist bipolar disorder
Vincent van Gogh Dutch Post- impressionist painter, The Potato Eaters, Starry Night clinical depression; bipolar disorder (speculated)
Ben Vereen entertainer, Chicken George in Roots, Broadway musical Pippin clinical depression
Queen Victoria Queen of Great Britain and Ireland (1837-1901) and Empress of India (1876-1901) clinical depression
Kurt Vonnegut American writer, Cat's Cradle, Slaughterhouse Five clinical depression
Mike Wallace journalist, CBS newsmagazine "60 Minutes" clinical depression
George Washington former US president learning disability
Damon Wayans comedian, actor, "In Living Color" clinical depression
Ricky Williams New Orleans Saints running back social phobia
Robin Williams comedian, actor, Good Morning Vietnam, Dead Poets Society clinical depression;
learning disability
Tennessee Williams American playwright, The Glass Menagerie, Cat on a Hot Tin Roof clinical depression
Brian Wilson musician, member The Beach Boys bipolar disorder
Woodrow Wilson former US president dyslexia
Henry Winkler actor, "The Fonz" in "Happy Days" learning disability
Frank Lloyd Wright American modernist architect, Johnson Wax Co. Building in Racine WI, Guggenheim Museum in New York City clinical depression
Tammy Wynette country singer, songwriter, "Stand by Your Man", Honky Tonk Angels clinical depression;
substance abuse
Bert Yancey professional golfer bipolar disorder
Boris Yeltsin former Russian president clinical depression
Robert Young movie actor, 1940's & 50's, Baby Makes Three; TV actor, "Father Knows Best", "Marcus Welby, M.D." clinical depression; alcoholism



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Paula Abdul

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Alvin Ailey

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Leonard Bernstein

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Steve Blass

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Emily Carr

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Dick Cavett

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John Chambers

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Lawton Chiles

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Winston Churchill

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Eric Clapton

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Dick Clark

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Parton, D. (1994). Dolly: My life and other unfinished business. New York: HarperCollins.

Jaco Pastorius

Milkowski, B. (1995). Jaco: The extraordinary and tragic life of Jaco Pastorius, `The world's greatest bass player'. San Francisco, CA: Miller Freeman Books.

George S. Patton

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Pierre Péladeau

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Charley Pell

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Walker Percy

Samway, P.H. (1997). Walker Percy: A life. New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux.

Tolson, J. (1992). A pilgrim in the ruins: A life of Walker Percy. New York: Simon & Schuster.

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Murray Pezim

Brunet, R. (1998, May 11). Larger than life, even when dead: Vancouver's business elite mourn the passing of stock promoter Murray Pezim. BC Report, 9 (36), pp. 42-43.

Tillson, T. (1996, March). The CEO's disease. Canadian Business, 69 (3), pp. 26-30.

Wells, J. (1991). The Pez: The manic life of the ultimate promoter: A biography of Murray Pezim. Vancouver: Macfarlane Walter & Ross.

Jimmy Piersall

Piersall, J., & Hirshberg, A. (1955). Fear strikes out: The Jim Piersall story. Boston: Little, Brown.

Piersall, J., & Whittingham, R. (1984). The truth hurts. Chicago: Contemporary Books.

Sylvia Plath

Hayman, R. (1991). The death and life of Sylvia Plath. London: William Heinemann.

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Edgar Allan Poe

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Jackson Pollock

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Cole Porter

McBrien, W. (1998). Cole Porter: A biography. New York: Alfred A. Knopf (Random House).

Alma Powell

McElwaine, S. (1996, May). Her American journey. Ladies Home Journal.

Peterson, K.S. (1995, November 10). Powell's candor helps brings depression out of the dark. USA Today [Final Edition], p. 11.D.

Susan Powter

Powter, S. (1993). Stop the insanity! New York: Simon & Schuster.

Lewis Preston

Hector, G., & Rea. A.B. (1986, April 28). Morgan Guaranty's identity crisis (with related article, For some businessmen, dyslexia is no hindrance). Fortune, 342, p. 64.

Richman, L.S. (1989, May 22). Who is Nick Brady? Why it matters. Fortune, 119 (11), p. 59.

Charley Pride

Pride, C., & Henderson, J. (1994). The Charley Pride story. New York: Morrow.

Joan Rivers

Rivers, J. (1966). Bouncing back. New York: Harper Collins.

Axl Rose

Dougherty, S. (1994, July 18). Bye bye love. People Weekly, 42 (3), pp. 48-53.

Roseanne

Arnold, R. (1994). My lives. New York: Ballantine Books.

Bane, V. (1991, October 7). A star cries incest. People Weekly, 36 (13), pp. 84-88.

Darnton, N. (1991, October 7). The pain of the last taboo. Newsweek, 118 (15), p. 70.

Sessums, K. (1994, February). Really Roseanne. Vanity Fair, 57 (2), p. 58.

Mark Rothko

Breslin, J.E.B. (1993). Mark Rothko: A biography. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

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Winona Ryder

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Yves Saint Laurent

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Parnes, F. (1997, May 2). Saint Laurent's stormy life yields a lively biography. Denver Post, p. E.01.

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Steve Sax

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Charles Schulz

Begley, S. (2000, January 1). So long, Snoopy & Co. Newsweek, 134 (26), pp. 18-24.

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Poniewozik, J. (1999, December 27). The good and the grief. Time, 154 (26), p. 146.

Charles Schwab

Johnston, T. (1991, March/April). Charles Schwab's secret struggle. Stanford Magazine.

Marsh, A. (1999, September 6). When the alphabet is a struggle. Forbes, 164 (5), pp. 74-75.

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Anne Sexton

Middlebrook, D.W. (1991). Anne Sexton: A biography. Boston: Houghton Mifflin.

Ally Sheedy

Brady, J. (1993, October 31). In step with: Ally Sheedy. Parade, p. 19.

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Giltz, M. (1999, December 7). High Art. The Advocate (The national gay & lesbian newsmagazine, p. 72.

Krum, S. (1998, November 2). Teen idol. The Guardian, p. T6.

Vellela, T. (2000, June 11). What it takes to be a survivor. Parade, p. 10.

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Brooke Shields

Atkinson Hudson, D. (Executive Producer). (2005, May 4). Exclusive: Brooke Shields's struggle for sanity. [

Shields, B. (2005). Down came the rain: My journey through postpartum depression. New York: Hyperion.

Richard Simmons

Simmons, R. (1999). Still hungry, after all these years: My story. New York: Good Times Publishing.

Carly Simon

Hall, J. (1987, August 17). After an onstage collapse and a six-year battle with stage fright, Carly Simon braves a comeback. People Weekly, 28 (7), pp. 38-40.

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Neil Simon

Foege, A. (1999, November 8). What's up Doc? After 30-odd plays, dozens of movies and five marriages, Neil `Doc' Simon takes stock. People Weekly, 52 (18), p. 175.

Simon, N. (1999). The play goes on: A memoir. New York: Simon & Schuster.

Paul Simon

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Morella, J., & Barey, P. (1991). Simon and Garfunkel, old friends: A dual biography. Secaucus, NJ: Birch Lane Press (Carol Publishing Group).

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Joey Slinger

Chidley, J. (1997, December 1). Depression: Society comes to grips with a devastating disorder. Maclean's, 110 (48), pp. 54-57.

Phil Spector

Hubbard, K., Balfour, V., & Lustig, D. (1989, February 6). Phil Spector. People Weekly, 31 (5), p. 84.

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Alonzo Spellman

Bayless, S. (1999, August 2). Alonzo Spellman is always potential, nothing more. Knight-Ridder/Tribune News Service, p. K5675.

Brewer, J. (2000, September 11). Spellman takes on extra duty: mentoring Underwood. Knight-Ridder/Tribune News Service, p. K3192.

Buck, R. (1999, December 21). Alonzo Spellman finds self, revives NFL career. Knight-Ridder/Tribune News Service, p. K2403.

Lipsyte, R. (2000, May 28). Sports world sometimes needs a shrink. New York Times [Perspective Section], p. SP13.

Rick Springfield

Miller, S., & Clark, C. (1999, May 24). Well-healed: Eighties soap-opera star and singing sensation Rick Springfield, haunted by depression for years, puts his life back in tune. People, 51 (19), p. 159.

Howard Stern

Stern, H. (1995). Miss America. New York: ReganBooks (HarperCollins).

Barbra Streisand

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Seligmann, J. (1994, May 23). Drowning on dry land. Newsweek, 123 (21), p. 64.

Shnayerson, M. (1994, November). A star is reborn. Vanity Fair, 57 (11), p. 150.

Spada, R. (1995). Streisand: Her life. New York: Crown Publishers.

Zoglin, R.E. (1994, May 16). The way she is. Time, 143 (20), pp. 76-78.

William Styron

HBO (1998, January 5). Dead blue: Surviving depression. America Undercover. Eames Yates, dir.

Hubbard, K. (1990, August 27). William Styron: Back from the brink of suicide, the author of Sophie's Choice recounts his battle with clinical depression. People Weekly, 34 (8), pp. 60-63.

Styron, W. (1990). Darkness visible. New York: Random House.

Styron, W. (1994, April 18). 'An interior pain that is all but indescribable.' Newsweek, 123 (16), p. 52.

Styron, W. (1996, November 8). Surviving darkness: A journey to rebirth. Chicago Humanities Festival, VII.

Marc Summers

Summers, M., & Hollander, E. (1999). Everything in its place: My trials and triumphs with obsessive-compulsive disorder. New York: J.P. Tarcher/Putnam.

Alfred Taubman

Hector, G., & Rea. A.B. (1986, April 28). Morgan Guaranty's identity crisis (with related article, For some businessmen, dyslexia is no hindrance). Fortune, 342, p. 64.

James Taylor

Herbst, P. (1992, October 15). James Taylor. Rolling Stone, 641, pp. 91-92.

Tracy Thompson

Thompson, T. (1994, March-April). Seeking the wizards of Prozak. The Saturday Evening Post, 266 (2), p. 50.

Thompson, T. (1994, October). The wizard of Prozac. Readers' Digest, 145 (870), p. 73.

Thompson, T. (1995). The beast: A reckoning with depression. New York: Putnam.

Thompson, T. (1995, August). The beast: My reckoning with depression. Cosmopolitan, 219 (2), p. 208.

Leo Tolstoy

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Spencer Tracy

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People Weekly (1996, February 12). Katharine Hepburn & Spencer Tracy. People Weekly, 45 (6), p. 135.

Margaret Trudeau Kemper

O'Hara, J. (1998, April 6). Heady days: Margaret Trudeau Kemper roars down memory lane. Maclean's, 111 (14), pp. 29-30.

Withers, P. (1998, July). Madly successful: Some symptoms of manic depression read like a headhunter's wish list of leadership characteristics. BC Business, 26 (7), pp. 104-107.

Ted Turner

Bibb, P. (1993). It ain't as easy as it looks: Ted Turner's amazing story. New York: Crown Publishers.

Hewitt, B. (2000, January 17). Alone on the range: After eight high-profile years, Jane Fonda and Ted Turner announce a trial separation. People Weekly, 53 (2), pp. 115-117.

Lowe, J. (1999). Ted Turner speaks: Insights from the world's greatest maverick. Speak Series. New York: John Wiley & Sons.

Painton, P. (1992, January 6). The taming of Ted Turner. Time, 139 (1), pp. 34-39.

People Weekly (1995, December 25). Ted Turner: The titan once known as Captain Outrageous pulls off his most surprising year (The 25 most intriguing people of the year!). People Weekly, 44 (26), p. 87.

Dimitrius Underwood

Brewer, J. (2000, September 11). Spellman takes on extra duty: mentoring Underwood. Knight-Ridder/Tribune News Service, p. K3192.

King, P. (2000, July 31). Inside the NFL (Dimitrius Underwood gets a second chance with the Dallas Cowboys). Sports Illustrated, 93 (5), p. 76.

Jean-Claude Van Damme

Ascher-Walsh, R. (1998, September 4). Damme straight. Entertainment Weekly, 448, pp. 44-46.

Vincent van Gogh

Jablow Hershman, D., & Lieb, J. (1998). Manic depression and creativity. Amherst, New York: Prometheus Books.

Swerdlow, J.L. (1997, October). Vincent van Gogh. National Geographic, 192 (4), p. 100.

Van Gogh, V. (1937). Dear Theo: Autobiography of Vincent van Gogh. I. Stone & J. Stone (Eds.). Garden City, NY: Doubleday.

Van Gogh, V. (1978). The complete letters of Vincent van Gogh, with reproductions of all the drawings in the correspondence (2nd ed.). 3 vols. Boston: New York Graphics Society.

Van Gogh, V. (1996). The letters of Vincent van Gogh. R. De Leeuw (Ed.). A. Pomerans (Translator). London: Allen Lane, The Penguin Press.

Ben Vereen

Time Magazine (1992, June 22). Hospitalized, Ben Vereen. Time, 139 (25), p. 36.

Queen Victoria

Official Website of the British Monarchy. http://www.royal.gov.uk

Reid, M. (1987). Ask Sir James: Sir James Reid, personal physician to Queen Victoria and physician-in-ordinary to three monarchs. London: Hodder & Stoughton.

Kurt Vonnegut

Vonnegut, K. (1991). Fates worse than death: An autobiographical collage of the 1980s. New York: G.P. Putnam's Sons.

Mike Wallace

Hirschberg, L. (1997, September 18). Mike Wallace. Rolling Stone, 769, pp. 83-86.

HBO (1998, January 5). Dead blue: Surviving depression. America Undercover. Eames Yates, dir.

Life (1999, February). Mary & Mike Wallace. Life, 22 (2), p. 49.

Lopez, S. (1997, December 1). Mike Wallace. People Weekly, 48 (22), pp. 109-113.

Shister, G. (1994, December 16). If terminally ill, Mike Wallace says, he'd kill himself: law or no law. Knight-Ridder/Tribune News Service, p. 1216K1314.

Wallace, M., & Gates, G.P. (1984). Close encounters / Mike Wallace and Gary Paul Gates. New York: Morrow, 1984.

Wallace, M., & DePaulo, R. (1993, Winter). Talking about depression with Mike Wallace and Raymond DePaulo. National Forum, 73 (1), pp. 34-37.

Damon Wayans

Will, E. (1999, February 19). Wayans' way to happiness: Stand-up keeps actor, writer on an even keel. Denver Post, p. E-01.

Ricky Williams

Talbot, M. (2001, June 24). The shyness syndrome: Bashfulness is the latest trait to become a pathology. New York Times.

Associated Press. (2001, May 17). Williams says disorder led to misperceptions: New Orleans Saints running back Ricky Williams has social anxiety disorder. Associated Press.

Tennessee Williams

Rader, D. (1985). Tennessee, cry of the heart: An intimate memoir of Tennessee Williams. Garden City, NY: Doubleday.

Rothstein, M. (1990, May 30). Remembering Tennessee Williams as a gentle genius of empathy. New York Times [Current Events Edition], p. C13.

Spoto, D. (1985). The kindness of strangers: The life of Tennessee Williams. Boston: Little, Brown.

Williams, T. (1975). Memoirs. Garden City, NY: Doubleday.

Williams, T. (1990). Five o'clock angel: Letters of Tennessee Williams to Maria St. Just, 1948-1982. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, dist. by Random House.

Brian Wilson

Carlin, P.A. (1998, July 20). Love and mercy. People Weekly, 50 (1), pp. 69-72.

Castro, P. (1991, October 14). Life of Brian. People Weekly, 36 (14), pp. 40-43.

Wilson, B., & Gold, T. (1991). Wouldn't it be nice? My own story. New York: HarperCollins.

Woodrow Wilson

Heckscher, A. (1991). Woodrow Wilson. New York: Scribner's.

Frank Lloyd Wright

Levine, N. (1996). Architecture of Frank Lloyd Wright. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

Tammy Wynette

Gliatto, T. (1998, April 20). Heroine of hardship: Though she sang with a tear in her throat, indomitable. People Weekly, 49 (15), pp. 54-61.

Rosen, M., & Sanderson, J. (1990, December 10). Tammy Wynette. People Weekly, 34 (23), pp. 93-96.

Wynette, T. (1979). Stand by your man. New York: Simon & Schuster.

Bert Yancey

Campbell, J. (1991, July). Bogeys, birdies & Bert. West Point Assembly, XLVIX (6).

Purkey, M. (1999, April). Bert: There, but for the grace... Golf Magazine.

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Boris Yeltsin

Daniels, R.V. (1999, August 23). Court politics in Russia. The New Leader, 82 (10), pp. 5-7.

The Economist (1996, July 20). Heart of the matter: Russia. The Economist, 340 (7975), pp. 42-43.

Nelan, B.W. (1996, July 15). Yeltsin can get re-elected, but is he able to govern? Time, 148 (4), pp. 34-35.

Pipes, R. (2000, March). Yeltsin--and after. Commentary, 109 (3), pp. 37-41.

Quinn-Judge, P. (2000, January 1). No tears for Boris. Time, 155 (1), pp. 90-96.

Yeltsin, B. (1994). The view from the Kremlin. C.A. Fitzpatrick (Translator). London: HarperCollins.

Robert Young

Karlin, B., Clark, C., & Breu, G. (1998, August 10). Father figure. People Weekly, 50 (4), pp. 132-134.

Natale, R., & Fritz, B. (1998, July 27). Robert Young. Variety, 371 (11), p. 65.

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