Quick-Reference Psychology Guides

The following are various quick references guides, primers, and charts pertaining to psychology and related disciplines. As I write or come across other interesting quick-reference tools, I will add them to this list. If you notice that any of the links don't work (or, worse yet, that any sites require a fee!), please send me a short note.


The information provided by the following sites is for educational purposes only and does not replace discussions with and/or diagnoses by appropriate healthcare providers. If you or someone you know is experiencing difficulties of a psychological nature, see your family physician (alternatively, see the Professional Associations section of my Psychology Resources links, which provides phone numbers of organisations that will be glad to direct you to the appropriate resources).

Quick-Reference Psychology Lists: Part I
(Eddy Elmer)
Lists and charts for stages, scales, and classifications to which psychologists frequently refer. This is meant to be used mainly as a study guide to jog your memory. Part one includes: major brain divisions; menstrual cycle and behavior; role of MAO in behavior; biological rhythms; stability of Big 5 personality traits over time; aging and cognitive abilities; development of children's conceptions of death; and common defence mechanisms.

Quick-Reference Psychology Lists: Part II
(Eddy Elmer)
Part two includes: difference between affect, mood, emotion, and happiness; working definitions of "normality" and "self"; differences between "personality traits", "problems", "issues", "disorders", "neurosis", "psychosis", "insanity", and "criminal insanity"; DSM axes; mood spectrum for bipolar disorder; notes on post-traumatic stress disorder; notes on borderline personality disorder; theories of masochism; Orlofsky's classification of intimacy styles; White's levels of relationship maturity; psychodynamic theories of hypersexuality and promiscuity; popular vs. rejected children in the classroom; popularity vs. friendship in the school setting; bullies and bullying victims (passive vs. aggressive victims); and difference between first-degree murder, second-degree murder, voluntary manslaughter, involuntary manslaughter, and criminal negligence causing death.

Quick-Reference Psychology Lists: Part III
(Eddy Elmer)
Part three includes: prescription abbreviations; definitions for anxiolytics, sedatives, and sedative-hypnotics; side-effect profile spectrum for SSRIs; pharmacological approaches to treatment of aggression; differences between common over-the-counter analgesics; terminology sometimes forgotten; and key prefixes and suffixes.

Key Psychological and Social Statistics: Part I
(Eddy Elmer)
Continually updated document listing key psychological and social statistics. This is simply a general, quick-reference guide for study purposes; the statistics are not meant to be quoted. The list is completely random.

Key Psychological Statistics: Part II
(Eddy Elmer)

Key Psychological Statistics: Part III
(Eddy Elmer)

Common Exogenous Psychoactive Agents
(Eddy Elmer)
4 simplified pharmaceutical charts organise exogenous depressant, stimulant, analgesic and "narcotic", and hallucinogenic drugs. Also included is a brief listing of common neurotransmitters, their various functions, and their locations in the brain.

Emesis Control Agents
(Eddy Elmer)
Quick-reference guide covering neural mechanisms of nausea and vomiting and appropriate pharmacological and adjunctive interventions.

Classical Psychoanalytic Theory of Normal Personality Development:
Part 1 (Eddy Elmer)
Flowchart showing progression of normal personality development according to classical Freudian theory.

Classical Psychoanalytic Theory of Normal Personality Development:
Part 2 (Eddy Elmer)

Classical Psychoanalytic Theory of Normal Personality Adjustment
(Eddy Elmer)
Flowchart showing progression of normal personality functioning according to classical Freudian theory.

Classical Psychoanalytic Theory of Abnormal Personality Development
& Adjustment, and Psychotherapy
(Eddy Elmer)
Flowchart showing development of abnormal personality according to classical Freudian theory.

Classical (Freudian) Organization of Disturbance
(Eddy Elmer)
This chart organises the various mental disorders into categories based on classical Freudian theory.

Psychiatry Notebook
(from Family Practice Notebook)
Fabulous list-type quick-reference guide for practitioners dealing with patients who may have psychiatric disorders. All chapters list technical information, such as diagnostic criteria and relevant tests, in an easy-to-use list format. Chapters cover: anxiety, behavior, bipolar disorder, chemical dependency and addiction, depression, eating, examination, hypnosis, general mental health, mood, procedures, psychosis, sleep disorders, somatization, dermatology and psychiatry, ophthalmology and psychiatry, geriatric medicine and psychiatry, laboratory information, neurology, obstetrics and psychiatry, pediatrics and psychiatry, pharmacology, prevention, and sports medicine and psychiatry.

Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV and DSM-IV-TR):
Official Criteria for Recognised Mental Disorders or
Lists the official criteria for the officially recognised mental disorders (does not, unfortunately, include the full-text narrative found in the print version). For similar websites, see (James Morrison, M.D.)  and also (Phillip W. Long, M.D.; click on "Disorders").

Expert Consensus Guideline Series:
Treatment Guidelines to Answer the Most Difficult Questions Facing Clinicians
"Practical [research-based] clinical recommendations based on a wide survey of expert opinion. The guidelines are user-friendly and relevant to your everyday clinical work. Each publication includes quantified results of the whole survey on which the recommendations are based, so readers can examine the experts' responses to the questions." The clinician guides are very detailed and cover: agitation in older persons with dementia; attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD); behavioral emergencies; bipolar disorder; depressive disorders in older patients; depression in women; epilepsy; obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD); psychiatric and behavioral problems in mental retardation; post-traumatic stress disorder; schizophrenia; and optimisation of pharmacologic treatment of psychotic disorders.

Organizational Chart of Psychotherapeutic Methods
(Eddy Elmer)
This chart organises the various therapies using broad categories (eg, psychodynamic, behavioural, experiential).

Development of Non-Directive Therapy
(Nathaniel J. Raskin, University of Chicago)
Originally published in the Journal of Consulting Psychology (1948, 12, 92-110), this paper describes the historical development of non-directive therapy.

Understanding the Person-Centered Approach to Therapy
(Godfrey Barrett-Lennard, PhD)
Replies to various questions and misconceptions about person-centered therapy.

A Counter-Theory of Transference
(John M. Shlien, Harvard University)
A fresh perspective on the theory of transference and its role in person-centered therapy.

Guidelines for Beginning to Practice Client-Centered Therapy
(Barbara Brodley, Illinois School of Professional Psychology)
Excellent list of tips for the beginner.

Psychodynamic Approaches to Career Development and Counselling
(Carla Jacinto, Ruth Woo, Eddy Elmer, Simon Fraser University)
Basic primer on psychodynamic theories of Freud, Erikson, and Adler as applied to career development and career counselling.

Emergency Psychiatry Service Handbook
(Gerard Clancy, M.D. and The University of Iowa)
Excellent online publication covering: suicidal patients; agitated and violent patients; medical emergencies in psychiatry (deliriums, neuroleptic malignant syndrome, lethal catatonia, serotonin syndrome, monoamine oxidase inhibitor / MAO / tyramine reactions); overdoses on psychiatric drugs; and alcohol emergencies.

Reporting on Suicide: Recommendations for the Media
(Suicide Prevention Resource Center) or
"The reporting of suicide by news media can have a strong influence on readers and viewers. At best, media can increase awareness of depression and other mental illness and inform audiences about suicide prevention; at worst, stories on suicide can communicate suicidal ideation. The imitation or copycat response depends on the type of suicide story, as well as the age of the audience. To assist journalists, recommendations on suicide reporting have been developed by a collaboration of experts" (Suicide Prevention Resource Center).

Working Definition of 'Love'
For research purposes

Lee's Love Styles
(Eddy Elmer, University of Toronto)
Brief summary of John Lee's (1973) theory of love styles (eros, ludus, storge, pragma, mania, and agape). Includes notes on historical conceptions of love.

Mechanism of Male Orgasm
For research purposes

Basic Flowchart for Research Planning and Design
(Eddy Elmer)
A simple chart outlining the general research process, including steps for mediating specific confounds.

Organizational Chart of Sociological Analysis
(Eddy Elmer)
Flowchart illustrating the various ways of looking at sociological phenomenon.


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Copyright 2005, by Eddy M. Elmer

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